Testing Water Quality Testing Water Quality In order to succeed at keeping fish, ensure that you are providing the best water conditions possible. Too often, disease and death among fish is a result of bad water quality. The following are water quality parameters that you must adhere to in ord
Webb's Exclusive Offers: FREE Shipping and Discount Code View for details
Main Banner
Webb's Pond Resources
Location
Home / Webb's Pond Resources / How-To Articles / Testing Water Quality

Testing Water Quality

Testing Water Quality

In order to succeed at keeping fish, ensure that you are providing the best water conditions possible. Too often, disease and death among fish is a result of bad water quality. The following are water quality parameters that you must adhere to in order to be successful.

Removing Toxic Chemicals

Chlorine and chloramines are commonly used to disinfect public water supplies. Both are lethal to fish. Eliminate with water conditioners, designed to neutralize poisonous compounds present in tap water.

Temperature

Temperature should be between 65 and 85 degrees. Goldfish and koi will thrive below 65 degrees, but disease treatment is much more effective at higher temperatures, where the fish immune system is functioning better. Be sure to keep your holding facilities in the shade if possible to avoid high temperatures.

Dissolved Oxygen

Fish need oxygen in the water to survive. A lightly stocked pond may not need additional aeration. However, if you have more than just a few fish in your pond or holding tank, additional aeration may be needed. If the water is low of dissolved oxygen, the fish will come to the top and stick their noses out of the water, seeming to gasp for air.

pH

pH is the measurement of hydrogen ions in your water. It is vitally important to continually monitor your pH level, attempting to maintain a pH of 7.9. The lower your pH is below 7.9, the more likely you are to suffer a pH crash, resulting in severe stress to your fish. To increase pH, add sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) @ 1 teaspoon per 10 gallons until the desired level is reached. A higher pH alone is not harmful. However, a combination of high pH and ammonia in the water is a deadly combination. Lowering pH can be difficult. Adding peat or vinegar is somewhat effective.

Ammonia

Ammonia comes from fish waste and decomposition of uneaten food. Ammonia levels will quickly rise to lethal levels in a system with new or uncycled filters. Levels need to be maintained as close to 0 ppm as possible. If levels are consistently above 0.5 ppm, you need to decrease stocking density and feeding, and/or increase filtration. A combination of high pH and high ammonia is especially dangerous, because with each 1 point increase in pH (for example from pH 7 to pH 8) the ammonia present becomes 10 times more toxic. You cannot smell or see high levels of ammonia. You MUST use test kits.

Nitrite

Bacteria in your filter system consume ammonia. Nitrite, a toxic byproduct of this process, must also be monitored. Nitrite accumulation will quickly kill fish in a system without fully cycled biofilters. An ideal nitrite level is 0 ppm. Anything above 0.15 ppm is stressful to fish and can cause disease. To reduce high nitrite levels, increase your water changes and filtration, and decrease your feeding and stock density.

Article Posted: 12/25/2016 04:48:27 PM

Shop Our Store for These Items

13164 - API Pond Master Liquid Test Kit (MPN 164M)
$37.79 $23.22 (Save 39%)
58 Points | In Stock
00026 - API Pond Nitrite Test Kit 180 Test (MPN 26)
$9.49 $8.06 (Save 15%)
20 Points | In Stock
63L - API Phosphate Test Kit (MPN 63L)
$14.69 $12.50 (Save 15%)
31 Points | In Stock
Join Us on Facebook
Banner Adverts
Free Shipping 39 June 2017
PayPal Banner
Recent Articles

Pondmaster LED Light w/ Transformer & Photocell - Unboxing

03/12/2020 11:48:50 AM: Illuminate ponds, waterfalls or landscaping with the Pondmaster LED Light. Includes colored lenses, transformer and photocell.

How to Replace the Diaphragm in your Matala EZ Air Pro Mini 2000 Air Pump

02/13/2020 01:05:33 PM: Watch Joe show you step by step the proper procedure on replacing the diaphragm in the Matala EZ Air Pro Mini 2000.

EasyPro ECF Pressurized Filter Breakdown

01/09/2020 11:51:03 AM: EasyPro is pleased to offer these high quality, low cost pressure filters! Ideal for preformed ponds and other small water features needing effective filtration with minimal investment.

Anjon LL-45K Lifeline Pond Aeration Kit - Unboxing

12/27/2019 12:53:37 PM: Lifeline Air Pump Kits are the perfect choice to create and maintain a healthy clean pond environment. These whisper quiet, low energy air pumps enhance oxygen levels and help circulate the water in your pond. Lifeline Air Pump Kits add needed oxygen to fish ponds in hot summer months when oxygen levels decline. In the winter, use them to help prevent pond surfaces from completely freezing, allowing toxic gasses to escape.

Webb's Water Gardens
Your Cart
Your Cart: Empty
Quick Store Search
Browse
866.819.7663
Online Store Search
© 1981-2020 Webb's Water Gardens, all rights reserved worldwide.
Software: Kryptronic eCommerce, Copyright 1999-2020 Kryptronic, Inc. Exec Time: 0.097928 Seconds Memory Usage: 10.355667 Megabytes
Kryptronic